Human rights organizations reject report of the U.S. State Department’s Commission on Unalienable Rights

In International Advocacy Program by CIHRS

CIHRS joined with scores of American and international human rights organizations in rejecting the report of the Commission on Unalienable Rights, established by the U.S. Department of State.  As many governments seek to evade and disregard international human rights standards at great cost to the well-being and freedoms of people, CIHRS is alarmed that a government as influential as the United States would make this effort to interpret universal human rights standards in accordance with its ideological preferences.

The organizations are concerned that the Commission’s willingness to treat the human rights framework as open to unilateral interpretation will greatly benefit governments, like many in the MENA region, that promote culturally-relativist interpretations of human rights in order to justify their repressive policies.

Professor Mary Ann Glendon Commission on Unalienable Rights C/O Duncan H. Walker
U.S. Department of State Washington, D.C. 20520
cc: The Honorable Mike Pompeo, Secretary, U.S. Department of State Peter Berkowitz, Director of Policy Planning, U.S. Department of State

Dear Chairperson Glendon:

On July 23, 2019, hundreds of human rights, civil liberties, social justice, and faith-based organizations and leaders, including many signatories of this letter, wrote to Secretary of State Pompeo to object to the Commission on Unalienable Rights’ (“Commission”) mandate, rationale, and composition. Having reviewed the Commission’s draft “Report of the Commission on Unalienable Rights” of July 16 (“report”) and Secretary Pompeo’s speech at its unveiling, we write again to object strenuously to the work product that has emerged from this fundamentally flawed and unnecessary undertaking.

The 111 organizations and 119 individuals listed below submit this letter as a joint, official comment on the draft report. We do so while recognizing that a two-week public comment period is an inadequate timeframe for providing appropriately substantive response to a 60-page document. We furthermore understand that Secretary Pompeo has, as of July 20, instructed all State Department personnel to “read the report thoroughly” as a means to “guide every State Department employee” in the work of carrying out U.S. foreign policy. That the Secretary of State would issue such direction to State Department personnel while you continue to solicit public comment from civil society on a document described as a “draft” epitomizes the bad faith of this enterprise.

We again reiterate the impossibility of separating the Commission’s work, which we believe undermines decades of human rights progress, from the political agenda it serves and the historical moment in which it has been written. The report asserts (appropriately, in our view) that the United States should “vigorously champion human rights in its foreign policy,” and that “America can only be an effective advocate for human rights abroad if she demonstrates her commitment to those same rights at home.” Yet the policies and rhetoric of the Trump administration, and the conclusions of the report itself, undermine these very statements.

From Secretary Pompeo’s original call for the Commission to differentiate between “unalienable” and so-called “ad hoc” rights, to his inflammatory speech at the report’s launch,

the political agenda underlying the Commission’s work has been transparent and deeply alarming. The Secretary’s willingness to use a speech purportedly about human rights to suggest that a Pulitzer Prize-winning New York Times series and largely peaceful protestors demonstrating against racial injustice are part of an ongoing “assault” on America’s rights tradition calls into question the very premise upon which the Commission’s work is based.

Secretary Pompeo’s assertion that “foremost among [human] rights are property rights and religious liberty” makes clear his intention to use the report to create a hierarchy of rights— despite your assertions to the contrary—based on his personal political and religious beliefs, as opposed to decades of domestic and international human rights law. And the failure of the Secretary and the Commission to acknowledge the many Trump administration policies that have significantly undermined America’s leadership on human rights undercuts both the Commission’s standing and the report itself.

Beyond these facts, the Commission has never established any compelling argument for why it need exist. The State Department has stonewalled legitimate congressional inquiry concerning its mandate, rationale, and operations; while a number of human rights NGOs have sued the Department over the lawfulness of a body formed to advise Secretary Pompeo on how the United States could abandon its commitment to longstanding interpretations of human rights in favor of a framework grounded in “natural law.” As the plaintiffs of this lawsuit and countless human rights organizations, academics, and advocates have correctly highlighted, the United States is incapable of unilaterally reinterpreting the contours of the human rights framework. The Commission’s work, therefore, amounts to little more than an instance of the “proliferation of nonlegal standards” that the report itself decries—an internal contradiction strongly suggestive of the true purpose of this effort.

For all of these reasons, the Commission’s report will undoubtedly be rejected by the international human rights community. Below, we identify the most concerning aspects of the report itself.

First, we reject the notion—fundamental to the Commission’s mandate—that a proliferation of rights claims has undermined the legitimacy and credibility of the human rights framework. The human rights movement is, indeed, under considerable stress from repressive governments, violent non-state groups, and populist leaders eager to undermine rights- based governance and exacerbate social cleavages for political gain. Yet despite these headwinds, the validity of the human rights project is in no way imperiled by the increasing number of rights claims made by those whose rights have historically been denied them. To the contrary, as we stated in our letter of July 2019, “the story of the international human rights movement is one of the deepened recognition and protective reach of rights based on the painstaking work of social movements, scholars, and diplomats, through international agreements and law.” This growing understanding of rights should be celebrated as an

accomplishment worth protecting—one that fulfills the promise of human rights—not denigrated as a threat.

Second, we reject the idea that there is an untenable uncertainty regarding the meaning and scope of the human rights framework that necessitates sidelining binding treaties. During his speech, Secretary Pompeo repeatedly stated that the purpose of the Commission is to establish a “framework” for a “proper understanding of unalienable rights,” and made clear his view that these rights come from God. Yet, as many of us have highlighted, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (“UDHR”) and the nine core human rights treaties negotiated among states, particularly the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, codify human rights under widely-recognized rules of international law. These treaties are the product of decades of multilateral negotiations and represent an international consensus regarding the scope of human rights. That they received virtually no mention or analysis in the draft report suggests a fundamentally flawed, and purposefully skewed, approach to the question of what does and does not constitute a human right. That the current administration might not agree with these instruments and their obligations in full or in part does not mean that there is confusion about human rights.

Third, we reject the manner in which the report promotes rights hierarchies through its emphasis on a certain subset of civil and political rights. The report itself acknowledges that human rights are “universal, indivisible and interdependent and interrelated.” Yet it then prioritizes property rights and religious liberty over other civil and political rights, and advocates for the de-prioritization of socioeconomic rights, including by putting increased emphasis on rights interpreted from specific American documents, rather than those guaranteed in international treaties that bind the United States and other governments. Americanization of the human rights framework is both unnecessary and harmful. While we are cognizant that the U.S. government will—like all governments—make foreign policy decisions based on resources and policy priorities, we reject the report’s recommendation that the United States adopt a foreign policy that identifies certain rights as more important than others. This effort to rank rights opens the door to any number of problematic actions by governments that seek to undermine their human rights obligations and violate individual liberties.

Fourth, we strongly reject the Commission’s dismissal of certain rights as “divisive social and political controversies.” The report makes a deeply disturbing distinction between “unalienable rights” and what it describes as the “social and political controversies” of “abortion, affirmative action, [and] same-sex marriage.” To be clear, each of the aforementioned issues relate to human rights guaranteed by international and domestic law, including by the U.S. Supreme Court. To suggest otherwise is to seek to substitute the ideology of the Administration and opinion of 11 individuals for the weight of both domestic and international human rights law

that clearly establishes and recognizes the protection of LGBTQI+ rights and sexual and reproductive rights, including abortion, as human rights imperatives.

Fifth, we reject the report’s focus on so-called new rights and its criteria for recognizing them. According to the report, the legitimacy of the human rights framework is threatened by the recognition of new rights and “novel” applications of existing ones. Such an approach would sideline the post-1948 treaties and processes by which human rights have properly been interpreted to cover marginalized groups and circumstances not explicitly addressed in the treaties in a manner consistent with their principles. The Commission has instead developed its own, restrictive criteria for recognizing “new rights” that will, in practice, circumscribe the ability of all people to claim their full rights. This transparent and unnecessary effort to preclude the extension of universal rights to all people has no place in a document meant to inform the

U.S. government.

In sum, we find that the Commission and its report reflect a broader pattern concerning this administration’s retreat from the human rights framework. We believe that the work you have produced will undermine American commitments to human rights and provide cover for those who wish to narrow certain categories of rights protections, resulting in a weakening of the international human rights system and its protections in the process.


Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Signatories

  1. Accountability Lab
  2. Advocacy for Principled Action in Government
  3. The Advocates for Human Rights
  4. Advocates for Youth
  5. Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic, Yale Law School
  6. Ameinu
  7. American Atheists
  8. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
  9. The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)
  10. American Jewish World Service (AJWS)
  11. Amnesty International USA
  12. Anti-Defamation League (ADL)
  13. Art and Resistance Through Education (ARTE)
  14. Bayard Rustin Liberation Initiative
  15. Better World Campaign
  16. Beyond the Bomb
  17. Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies
  18. Center for American Progress
  19. Center for Disability Rights
  20. Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE)
  21. Center for Justice and Accountability
  22. Center for Reproductive Rights
  23. Central AZ National Lawyers Guild
  24. Clearinghouse on Women’s Issues
  25. Coalition for Ethical Psychology
  26. Columbia Law School Human Rights Clinic
  27. Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute
  28. Columbia Law School Immigrants’ Rights Clinic
  29. Cornell Gender Justice Clinic
  30. Council for Global Equality
  31. Crude Accountability
  32. DignityUSA
  33. Equality California
  34. EqualityMaine
  35. Equality North Carolina
  36. Equity Forward
  37. Feminist Majority Foundation
  38. The Fenway Institute
  39. Foreign Policy for America
  40. Freedom From Religion Foundation
  41. Global Faith and Justice Project
  42. Global Health Justice Partnership of the Yale Law School and Yale School of Public Health (GHJP)
  43. Global Justice Center
  44. Global Justice Clinic, NYU School of Law
  45. Global Women’s Institute
  46. Happy & Bennett LLC
  47. Hawai’i Institute for Human Rights
  48. Health GAP
  49. Heartland Alliance International
  50. Heartland Initiative
  51. Human Rights and Gender Justice Clinic, CUNY School of Law
  52. Human Rights Campaign
  53. Human Rights First
  54. Human Rights Funders Network
  55. Human Rights Watch
  56. Institute on Inequalities in Global Health, University of Southern California
  57. International Action Network for Gender Equity & Law (IANGEL)
  58. International Center for Advocates Against Discrimination (ICAAD)
  59. International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL)
  60. International Center on Religion and Justice
  61. International Service for Human Rights (ISHR)
  62. International Women’s Health Coalition
  63. Kent State Truth Tribunal
  64. Lambda Legal
  65. Latin America Working Group (LAWG)
  66. Legal Resources Centre, South Africa
  67. MADRE
  68. Malcolm X Center for Self Determination
  69. Minnesota Peace Project
  70. Muslims for Progressive Values
  71. NARAL Pro-Choice America
  72. National Advocates for Pregnant Women
  73. National Council of Jewish Women
  74. National Equality Action Team (NEAT)
  75. National Lawyers Guild
  76. National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights
  77. Never Again Coalition
  78. PAI
  79. PFLAG National
  80. Pittsburgh Human Rights City Alliance
  81. Planned Parenthood Federation of America
  82. Population Connection Action Fund
  83. Population Institute
  84. Presbyterian Church (USA)
  85. Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy, Northeastern University School of Law
  86. Project Blueprint
  87. Radiant International
  88. ReThinking Foreign Policy
  89. Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights
  90. Safeguard Defenders
  91. San Jose State University Human Rights Institute
  92. Santa Clara Law International Human Rights Clinic
  93. Silver State Equality
  94. The Solidarity Center
  95. Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)
  96. Synergía – Initiatives for Human Rights
  97. T’ruah: The Rabbinic Call for Human Rights
  98. The Global Justice Institute
  99. The LGBT Bar Association of New York 100.The National Center for Civil and Human Rights 101.Ubuntu Institute for Community Development
  100. United Nations Association of the National Capital Area
  101. United Nations Association of the USA
  102. Universal Access Project, UN Foundation
  103. Urgent Action Fund for Women’s Human Rights
  104. US Human Rights Network
  105. Women’s Alliance for Theology, Ethics, and Ritual (WATER)
  106. Women Lead Network
  107. Woodhull Freedom Foundation
  108. Work Group Minnesota for Human Rights
  109. World Without Genocide at Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Individual Signatories

* Note: those listed below have signed in an individual capacity. Affiliations are listed for identification purposes only.

Former Senior Government Officials

  1. Daniel Baer

US Ambassador to the OSCE, 2013- 2017; Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 2009-2013

  1. Rob Berschinski

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 2015-2017

  1. Eric R. Biel

Associate Deputy Undersecretary of Labor for International Labor Affairs, 2012-2017

  1. Mary McGowan Davis

Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of New York (Retired)

  1. Luis C. deBaca

Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons,


  1. Ariel Dulitzky

Former Chair-Rapporteur, United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances,


  1. Michael Fuchs

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 2013-2016

  1. Patrick Gaspard

Ambassador to South Africa, 2013-2016

  1. Raffi Freedman-Gurspan

Senior Associate Director for Public Engagement and Obama Administration LGBTQ Liaison, 2016-2017

  1. Bennett Freeman

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 1999-2001

  1. Jennifer Hunt

James Cullen Chair in Economics, Rutgers University; Chief Economist at the Department of Labor, 2013- 2014; Deputy Assistant Secretary for Microeconomic Analysis, Department of the Treasury, 2014- 2015

  1. Victoria K. Holt

Vice President, The Henry L. Stimson Center; Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, International Organization Affairs, 2009-2017

  1. Harold Hongju Koh

Sterling Professor of International Law, Yale Law School; Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, 1998- 2001; Legal Adviser, US Department of State, 2009-2013

  1. Rose Jackson

Chief of Staff, State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 2013-2016

  1. Jonathan Katz

Senior Fellow, German Marshall Fund of the United States; Former Deputy Assistant Administrator, Europe and Eurasia Bureau, USAID, 2014-2017

  1. Ambassador Ian Kelly (Ret.) Ambassador in Residence, Northwestern University; U.S. Ambassador to Georgia, 2015-2018;

U.S. Ambassador to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe 2010-2013

  1. David J. Kramer

Senior Fellow, Florida International University Václav Havel Program for Human Rights and Diplomacy; Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, 2008-2009

  1. Christopher Le Mon

Special Assistant to the President & National Security Council Senior Director, 2013-2017; U.S. State Department Senior Advisor for Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights, 2009-2013

  1. Christopher P. Lu

Senior Fellow, University of Virginia Miller Center; U.S. Deputy Secretary of Labor, 2014-2017

  1. Blake Narendra

Special Advisor, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, U.S. Department of State, 2015-2017

  1. Brian H. Nilsson

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls, 2015- 2017

  1. Matthew G. Olsen

Director, National Counterterrorism Center, 2011-2014

  1. Stephen Pomper

Special Assistant to the President and NSC Senior Director for Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights, 2013-2016

  1. Ned Price

Special Assistant to the President, 2016-2017; NSC Spokesperson,


  1. Amanda Sloat

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Southern Europe and Eastern Mediterranean Affairs, 2013-2016

Scholars and Educators 

  1. Richard L. Abel

Connell Distinguished Professor of Law Emeritus and Distinguished Research Professor


  1. Sarah Babcock

Clinical Professor, Human Rights Clinic

Cornell Law School International

  1. Jeff Bachman

Senior Lecturer, School of American Service

American University

  1. Linda Bell

Emerita Professor of Philosophy; Director of the Women’s Studies Institute

Georgia State University

  1. Robert C. Blitt Professor of Law

University of Tennessee College of Law

  1. Carolyn Patty Blum

Clinical Professor of Law, Emerita, Berkeley Law, UC Berkeley

  1. Charles B. Boldsmith Former Artistic Director, Borderlands Theater
  2. Alison Brysk

Distinguished Mellichamp Professor, University of California Santa Barbara

  1. Megan Carney Assistant Professor University of Arizona
  2. Monica J. Casper, D. Dean and Professor

San Diego State University

  1. Anthony Tirado Chase Professor,

Occcidental College

  1. Brian Citro

Assistant Clinical Professor of Law, Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

  1. Ann Marie Clark Associate Professor Purdue University
  2. Sarah H. Cleveland

Louis Henkin Professor of Human and Constitutional Rights, Columbia Law School; Former Vice Chair, UN Human Rights Committee; Former Counselor on International Law to the Legal Adviser, U.S. Department of State

  1. Jenny-Brooke Condon Professor of Law Seton Hall Law School
  2. Avidan Y. Cover

Professor, Case Western Reserve University School of Law

  1. Maria De La Torre Associate Professor

Northeastern Illinois University

  1. Miguel H. Diaz, Ph.D. Ambassador to the Holy See, Ret., Loyola University Chicago
  2. Margaret Drew

Associate Professor of Law, Human Rights at Home Clinic

UMass Law School

  1. William R. Fernekes Lecturer, Rutgers University Graduate School of Education
  2. Martin Flaherty

Leitner Family Professor of International Human Rights Law, Leitner Center for International Law and Justice, Fordham Law School

  1. Claudia Flores

Associate Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the International Human Rights Clinic

University of Chicago Law School

  1. Barbara A. Fray

Director, Human Rights Program University of Minnesota

  1. Eric Friedman

Global Health Justice Scholar, O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

Georgetown University

  1. Aya Fujimura-Fanselow Clinical Professor of Law and

Supervising Attorney, International Human Rights Clinic

Duke University School of Law

  1. Charles Gelsinger

Human Rights and Comparative Law Educator

  1. Stephen E. Gottlieb

Jay & Ruth Caplan Distinguished Professor of Law Emeritus Albany Law School

  1. Jennifer Green

Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the Human Rights Litigation and Advocacy Clinic University of Minnesota Law School

  1. Gergana Halpern

Director of Education Programs, Institute for the Study of Human Rights,

Columbia University

  1. Hille Haker, D.

Richard A. McCormick, S.J., Chair of Catholic Moral Theology Loyola University Chicago

  1. Laurence R. Helfer

Harry R. Chadwick, Sr. Professor of Law

Duke University School of Law

  1. John Quentin Heywood

Associate Professor/Law Librarian, Chair of the AU Faculty Senate, American University

  1. Jayne Huckerby

Clinical Professor of Law, International Human Rights Clinic Duke University School of Law

  1. Mark R. Jacobson

Assistant Dean, Washington Programs

Syracuse University

  1. Anil Kalhan

Professor of Law Drexel University

  1. Susan Kang

Associate Professor

City University of New York

  1. Jocelyn Getgen Kestenbaum Associate Professor of Clinical Law, Benjamin B. Ferencz Human Rights and Attorney Prevention Clinic, Cardozo Law
  2. Bassam Khawaja

Co-Director, Human Rights and Privilege Project

New York University School of Law

  1. Helen M. Kinsella Associate Professor

University of Minnesota-Twin Cities

  1. Jonneke Koomen Associate Professor Willamette University
  2. Catherine Lutz

Thomas J. Watson, Jr. Professor Emerita of Anthropology and International Studies

Brown University

  1. Harry A. Lando

Distinguished International Professor University of Minnesota

  1. Susan C. Mapp Professor of Social Work Elizabethtown College
  2. Elisa Massimino

Robert F. Drinan, S.J., Chair in Human Rights

Georgetown University Law Center

  1. Nancy A. Matthews Professor of Justice Studies

Northeastern Illinois University

  1. Peter Micek

Lecturer, School of International and Public Affairs

Columbia University

  1. Ken Neubeck Emeritus Professor

University of Connecticut

  1. Sarah H. Paoletti

Practice Professor of Law and Director, Transnational Legal Clinic University of Pennsylvania

  1. Spike Peterson Professor

University of Arizona

  1. Jean H. Quataert

Distinguished Professor of History Binghamton University

  1. Catherine Powell

Professor of Law, Fordham Law School; NSC Director of Human Rights, 2011

  1. Paula R. Rhodes International Human Rights Educator and Attorney University of Denver
  2. Rebecca Riddell

Co-director of the Human Rights and Privatization Project, The Center for Human Rights and Global Justice at New York University School of Law

  1. Gabor Rona

Professor of Practice Cardozo Law School

  1. Mindy Jane Roseman

Director, Gruber Program for Global Justice and Women’s Rights

Yale Law School

  1. Stephen A. Rosenbaum Frank C. Newman Lecturer Berkeley School of Law
  2. Joachim Salvelsberg

Professor of Sociology and Law, Arsham and Charlotte Ohanessian Chair

University of Minnesota

  1. Anne Schaufele Practitioner-in-Residence,

International Human Rights Law Clinic

American University Washington

  1. Naomi Scheman

Professor Emerita of Philosophy and Gender, Women, & Sexuality Studies

University of Minnesota

  1. Beth Van Schaack

Leah Kaplan Professor of Human Rights

Stanford Law School

  1. Payal Shah

Fellow, University of Texas Faculty of Law International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program

  1. Debbie Shamak Assistant Professor Rowan University
  2. Sarah B. Snyder

Professor, School of International Service

American University

  1. Stephen Soldz Professor,

Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis

  1. Beth Stephens Distinguished Professor Rutgers Law School
  2. Jennifer Suchland Associate Professor Ohio State University
  3. Carrie Booth Walling

Associate Professor Political Science Albion College

  1. Deborah M. Weissman

Reef C. Ivey II Distinguished Professor of Law

University of North Carolina School of Law

  1. Richard J. Wilson Emeritus Professor of Law American University
  2. Malia Lee Womack Graduate Teaching Associate The Ohio State University

Advocates, Faith Leaders, and Other Signatories

  1. Randi Aho

Civic Education Program Manager, Pat Brown Institute

  1. Philip D. Althouse

Attorney, Bringing Human Rights Home Lawyers Network

  1. Rabbi Aryeh Bernstein

Chicago Justice Fellowship Director, Avodah

  1. Marco Castro-Bojorquez

Co-Chair, HIV Racial Justice Now

  1. Trudy Bond Psychologist Toledo, OH
  2. Mette Brogden, D. Anthropologist Tucson, Arizona
  3. Dr. Shannon Clarkson First Congregational Church Guilford, Connecticut
  4. Susan Corke

Senior Fellow and Executive Director of Transatlantic Democracy Working Group, German Marshall Fund

  1. Gregory Feifer

Executive Director, Institute of Current World Affairs

  1. Joseph K. Grieboski Senior Fellow, The Dietrich Bonhoeffer Institute
  2. Sarah Holewinski

Senior Fellow, U.S. Institute of Peace

  1. Deena R. Hurwitz

International Human Rights Lawyer and Consultant, Charlottesville, Virginia

  1. Kwame-Osagyefo Kalimara New Afrikan People’s Organization/Malcolm X Grassroots Organization
  2. Kerry Kennedy

Author, Attorney & Activist, New York, NY

  1. Daniel R. Mahanty

Director, US Program, Center for Civilians in Conflict

  1. Ted Piccone

Chief Engagement Officer, World Justice Project

  1. Dr. Christopher Pierson Senior Pastor, Gary United Methodist Church, Wheaton, IL
  2. Carey Shenkman

Human Rights Attorney, Law Office of Carey Shenkman

  1. Annie Shiel

Protection Innovation Fellow, Center for Civilians in Conflict; Senior Security and Human Rights Policy Analyst, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, State Department, 2014-2017

  1. Anastasia Taskin

Attorney, Taskin Law and Mediation

  1. Jaime Todd-Gher, JD, LLM Human Rights Attorney
  2. Thandabantu Iverson, Ph.D. Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Descrimination (CERD) Taskforce
  3. Andréa Worden

Non-resident Research Fellow, Sinopsis

  1. Mona Younis

Strategic Planning and Evaluation Consultant, Washington, DC

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