U.N. SECRETARY GENERAL SHOULD ACTIVATE AN INDEPENDENT MECHANISM TO ATTRIBUTE RESPONSIBILITY FOR CHEMICAL ATTACKS IN SYRIA

In Arab Countries, International Advocacy Program by CIHRS

On April 7 the world once again was shocked by the heart-wrenching images of Syrian men, women and children who appeared to have suffocated in their houses in Douma, a suburb of Damascus that has been under furious attacks for weeks by the Syrian-Russian military alliance.
While investigations are still pending, claims have been made that the Syrian government has again used chemical weapons against its own people. The Syrian and Russian governments have vehemently denied that a chemical attack occurred.
The use of chemical weapons constitutes a war crime. The international prohibition on the use, development, production, stockpiling, and transfer of chemical weapons is absolute and cannot be left to political wrangling.
Since 2013, the UN Commission of Inquiry has recorded over 35 chemical weapons attacks in Syria. After refusing to accept findings on Syrian government responsibility for last year’s attack on civilians in Khan Sheikhoun, Russia used its Security Council veto to block the UN from maintaining a UN-Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons joint investigative mechanism working independently and impartially to uncover the perpetrators for such attacks. On April 10, Russia again vetoed a resolution that would have established a UN mechanism to attribute responsibility for chemical attacks in Syria.
As a result, there is no longer a UN mechanism with the independence, technical expertise, and mandate working to promptly identify who is to blame for these chemical weapons attacks.
We, the undersigned organizations, urge UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres to step up in defense of civilians everywhere by activating an independent UN mechanism to attribute responsibility for chemical attacks in Syria.
Previous UN Secretaries General created similar inquiries. We cannot afford more Security Council deadlock, paralysis, or vetoes. Taking this step is fully in line with the Secretary General’s authority and would help ensure that the perpetrators of these atrocities are exposed.
It is incumbent on the UN Security Council to hold perpetrators of these crimes to account and make clear to the world that the use of chemical weapons will not be tolerated.

Signatories:

  1. Adopt a Revolution
  2. American Relief Coalition for Syria (ARCS)
  3. Amnesty International
  4. ASML/Syria
  5. Basmet Amal
  6. Baytna Syria
  7. Bridge of Peace Syria
  8. CCFD-Terre Solidaire
  9. CAFOD (Catholic Agency For Overseas Development)
  10. CARE International
  11. Christian Aid
  12. CIHRS (Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies)
  13. FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights)
  14. Ghiras Alnahda
  15. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  16. GOAL
  17. Hand in Hand for Syria
  18. HelpAge International
  19. Human Appeal
  20. Human Rights Watch
  21. Humans of Syria
  22. IDA
  23. Islamic Relief UK
  24. Just Foreign Policy
  25. Karam Foundation
  26. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (Concordia University)
  27. Nonviolent Peaceforce
  28. PAX for Peace
  29. Physicians for Human Rights
  30. Protection Approaches
  31. Relief & Reconciliation International AISBL
  32. Rethink Rebuild Society
  33. SCM
  34. Society for Threatened Peoples
  35. STAND (The Student-Led Movement to End Mass Atrocities)
  36. Syria Charity
  37. Syria Relief
  38. Syrian American Medical Society – SAMS
  39. Syrian Forum USA
  40. Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR)
  41. Syrians for Truth and Justice-STJ سوريون من أجل الحقيقة والعدالة
  42. Trocaire
  43. Vision GRAM-International
  44. War Child UK  
  45. World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy (WFM-IGP)
  46. 11.11.11

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